Background of Research: The population of Ireland is considered as diverse because of their ethnicity and the country of origin as well. Earlier, the no. of people who were living in Ireland was growing continuously and amongst them, 766770 people were outsiders and 300000 people came from the UK and around 450000 people were from other countries as well. Historically, Ireland was considered as a country of emigration as there major population fleeted to the US during the time of recession but after that, the situation changed and the country started accepting immigrants into their country happily (Keegan and et. al., 2017). In the mid-19th century, the period of Great Famine arrived in Ireland and due to this, the population was forced to suffer starvation which eventually led people to adopt mass emigration. In the mid-1840s, the population in the country was 6.5 million but in the 20th century, there was a massive decline in the record as the population was now 2.8 million.
During 1991, the country entered the economic growth period, and thus from that time, they started accepting immigrants for the first time in the country. But in 2008 again, the situation of Irish economic and banking crisis arrived, and during that time also the Republic of Ireland experienced Emigration but its rate was less than the rate of immigrants that were entering the country.
If the minority groups are discussed then, Irish travelers can be considered as a native ethnic group of the country which was formerly regarded as the Irish state from 1 March 2017. Various communities are residing in a country like Polish, British, Lithuanian, and Latvian. Te ethnic background present there includes Irish as 82.2%, Irish Travelers as 0.7%, other white as 9.5%, Asian as 2.1%, Black as 1.3%, other 1.5%.
It can be said that Ireland continued to grow at a smooth rate, although slower than earlier. But due to emigration, massive Irish people are living in the United States, England, Canada, and Australia with more than 5 million Canadians of Irish descent. It has always been said that the Republic of Ireland is always considered the most popular destination for Immigrants from the last 50 years. The major immigrants come from Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech Republic. As per a study conducted in 2015, it was revealed that 1 in 8 people living in Ireland was born abroad. It is also estimated that in the future also, their population will develop but the development rate will eventually go down. As per the current projections, the annual growth rate of the country will go down from 0.79% in 2020 to 0.43% in 2050. The population of Ireland in 2020 is also projected around 4,887,992 to 5,219,951 in 2030 (Ethnic communities in Ireland, 2020).
In today’s time, Ireland is considered as a place of diversity and multiculturalism. Some so many people belong to different countries are living together as one. It has always been said that this country always welcomes people from different minorities to their country with open arms, unlike other European countries. Although the country also faces many issues by doing this like providing them houses which they can afford or giving services at reasonable prices, all these come like a challenge to Ireland but they always remain welcoming like earlier times. It has been revealed by the researchers that from the past two decades, Ireland is becoming a diverse country by having around 535,475 non-Irish nationals living there who are basically from 200 different nations. The people living there feel that they are of varied ages, different socio-economic backgrounds, follow different customs and beliefs, and speak different languages as well (Moss, et. al., 2015). This dissertation mainly discusses the policies and service provisions made for these people in Ireland. Through this, it will be clear that whether these migrants are being treated on a fair basis there or not.
It has always been a challenge for the researchers to examine the actual use of drugs among the population because people are not ready to come out and reveal that they are using drugs in their daily life or they are an addict. To conduct effective research, information is required to be collected from all the sources whether it’s a small source or big. In Ireland also, it was considered a pretty heavy task to reveal the current drug and alcohol service provisions. There are so many ethnic minority communities living in the country so the extent of drug and alcohol misuse within these communities remains uncertain (Barry and et. al., 2017). The government needs to make sure that the communities which are utilizing it should be known because then only its prevention methods can be revealed. In Ireland, the ethnic data is collected to record the alcohol and drug consumption of different groups and this data is being utilized to inform harm and alcohol policy. The National Drug Treatment Reporting System (NDTRS) is the main database that has information regarding treatment for drug and alcohol misuse. This database is considered very effective as it helps in making various kinds of policies and programs for the prevention of drugs and alcohol from the country completely. But collecting these kinds of data is not easy as there are so many people who are involved in these kinds of abuse and they do not share their experiences in open. But, it becomes the responsibility of the researcher to bring out corrective information for their readers so that accurate results are achieved. In this research, the researcher has used various methods to collect information on the topic but the main one was Interview (Joyce and et. al., 2018). People were interviewed related to the service provisions for the ethnic minorities and the addiction policies as well. The information gained from this source will be of much help as then the real results can be ascertained. It has been seen that the population of Ireland is increasing on a slow basis so it becomes more important to complete this study in less time so that it can be reached to more people and policies and provisions created by the government for this subject should be known to everyone.
Significance of Research:
During the years, the ethnic minority population of the country is gaining lots of interest of people from all over the world. It has been noted that in Ireland, people are arriving from different ethnic backgrounds and settling in places such as Belfast, Dublin, Dungannon, etc. This dissertation has been conducted to analyze the implications of the situation where so many people of different people are living together and how are the services provisions been handled in the country. The country has shown emote growth in its demography due to the expansion of the already situation small minority groups in Ireland. The ethnic groups who were reportedly found to be living in the country were Chinese, Pakistani, Indian, and Travelers. The government of Ireland also came up for the people of ethnic minorities as they made legislations to protect their rights in the country (Van Hout, et. al., 2018). The Irish human rights and equality commission was formed whose work was to protect and promote the human rights and quality provisions in Ireland.
This report will also talk about the addiction habits of the minority group related to drugs and alcohol in Ireland. The most recent Irish census was conducted in 2011 which revealed its total population as 4,588,252 which was a sharp increase of 8.2% from 2006 numbers. The census of 201 has also been taken but its results are yet to be published. Despite having so many cultures among them, most of the people living in Ireland still follow Christianity, particularly the Roman Catholics which are around 84% of the population of the Republic of Ireland. The economy of the country is also considered as one of the strongest in Europe as there has been a constant rise in the wages of people and marl=king zero unemployment rates as well.
Since this research is also about the addiction problems of the immigrants so it needs to be discussed that multiculturalism and diversity are considered as the facts of the modern condition that have a significant impact on the society as well as the country. It can be understood that if people from different community backgrounds are coming together and living their lives together then it’s obvious that their habits, the culture will eventually get mixed. But for the drug abuse, the blame always comes on the foreigners because the stigma attached to the drug abuse is being led by the racial and ethnic stereotypes (Drug and alcohol abuse in Ireland, 2020).
In this research, it will be discussed in detail that Ireland is having a very high consumption rate of alcohol and many people from the country especially Irish are being involved in harmful drinking patterns for long. In 2014, it was disclosed that the Irish drinkers drank 11 liters of pure alcohol each. This amount can be constituted with 29 liters of vodka, 116 bottles of wine, or 445 pints of beer. But, 20.6% of the population of Ireland is completely away from the alcohol so the remaining ones get to drink even more quantity. The situation of the country is even worse because the people here are involved in drugs as well. It is a very serious situation for the country as if the situation would remain the same then the youth of the country will become useless and they will not be able to contribute anything to the development of the country. There has been violence related to drug abuse in the country as well because people started misusing it at a large level (Usage of drugs and alcohol, 2020).
It has also been revealed that the usage of drugs was majorly found in people who came from Central/Eastern Europe, Africa, Pakistan, and Jamaica. In the case of the Irish population, it was seen that cannabis is widely used among the members of the new community and the people who were using did not realize that they are using a highly problematic product. There were also reports that there was the use of dance drugs between the members of the new community which covers Nigerians, Romanians, Russians, Moldovans, Ukrainians. People have also reported that they were on the methadone maintenance program in Dublin. Therefore, it becomes very important to understand this topic clearly so that it can be assessed that what prevention policies were started by the government of Ireland for improving the situation of the country. It was also significant because the population of Ireland will increase on a steady basis in later years as well so if these addiction habits will not stop here then it might harm the new community people as well.
Aim of the proposed research
This is considered one of the most important parts of the research project because this is the subject in which the whole research is based (Neale, et. al., 2015). The aim of the research is being chosen by the researcher and then later on studied in a detailed manner as well so that it can be explored incorrect direction. The aim of this research is:
“To explore the existing addiction and drug policies and service provision for ethnic minorities in Ireland”.
1.4 Objectives of the proposed research:
These are considered as the sub-topics of the research program which are being prepared to understand the topic of the research more clearly. The objectives of this research are mentioned below:
1. To review if the existing policies and guidelines documents for the inclusion element for service provision to ethnic minorities suffering from addiction in Ireland;
2. To explore experiences of service providers working in addiction services with service users from ethnic minority background;
3. To identify service providers opinions about the inclusion and equality aspects of service delivery to ethnic minority service users;
4. To highlight suggestions that service providers would have for the inclusive service delivery policy.
The structure followed in this dissertation is mentioned below:
In this chapter, there will be a discussion on the topic and it will be introduced in this research project. The basic information related to the topic will be shared here so that the readers can get the idea that what are they going to study in this whole report (Neale, et. al., 2015). It will also include the background of the research in which the background of the topic needs to be written in detail. Along with this, the significance of research, rationale, aims, and objectives of the research are also a part of the introduction.
A literature review
In this chapter, the objectives which are created from the aim of the research are required to be discussed in a detailed manner. It eventually helps in understanding the topic in a much detailed manner.
This is also considered as an important chapter because it includes research methods, designs, and techniques for effectively conducting the research program.
In this chapter, the findings, discussion, and result part of the report are being discussed. Here, there will be involvement of various kinds of tables, charts for deriving results of the report.
In this, the findings of the report are being discussed along with the literature review conducted above. It includes the limitations of the report and the conclusion section as well.
This is considered one of the most important parts of the research project because here the discussion is being made on the objectives which are being prepared from the aim of the research. These objectives help in understanding the whole topic in a much easy manner and interpreting the corrective results as well. The discussion is made below:
2.1 To review if the existing policies and guidelines documents for the inclusion element for service provision to ethnic minorities suffering from addiction in Ireland;
According to Delargy, it has been reported that Ireland was having problems with substance misuse. The amount of drug usage in Ireland is increasing at a very fast rate since the past decades and its main impact is on younger people. It has also been stated that many people from the Irish community are suffering from harmful drinking habits and the use of alcohol has been the biggest issue. The usage of the drug was so high that people had started losing their lives because of it. Therefore, the intervention of the government was very necessary for this matter. The main aim of the government of Ireland was to remove the problems of drug and alcohol misuse in the country so that the harm can be reduced. There have been various kinds of strategies that have been prepared relating to this and some of the policies of the government are also implemented to reduce the risk factors for substance misuse (Neale, et. al., 2015). The strategy prepared was to educate the population about the drug and alcohol misuse so that they can understand its seriousness and stops or reduces its usage in their daily lives (Service provisions for drug addicts in Ireland, 2020). This will eventually help the young people to make choices for their future that whether they want to become a drug addict or a normal person having no such addictions and living life without any kind of complications. As per Moran, the strategy prepared also discusses the importance of continuing support for law enforcement to fight organized crime groups that supply illegal drugs into Ireland. The main reason for monitoring the changing illegal drug market, against the background of national, EU, and broader international experience and best practice is that through this the supply can be stopped then people will eventually stop consuming it. The aim of this research is related to the ethnic minority group of people who are staying in Ireland. This report will mainly discuss the alcohol and drug abuse habits of the people of different communities staying there.
Problematic drug use is considered and determined as a global phenomenon. The substantial information and data are available with the help of the European Monitoring center for drug and Drug Addiction regarding drug use among different national groups. As per the view of the International level of countries, drug use was reported among persons among Central/Eastern Europe (Poland, Estonia, Hungary, Romania, and Lithuania)from the former USSR. The National Drugs Strategy 2009 to 2016 was established by the Department of Community Rural and GaeltachtAffairs.
Ireland’s earlier made strategies for national drugs as well which was implemented during the years from 2001 to 2008 and then 2009 to 2016. Both the time, the aim of the strategy was the same i.e. reducing the misuse of drugs. It was estimated that it is only possible through supply reduction, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and research as well. For implementing the strategy earlier, the statutory, community, as well as voluntary sectors, came together as one, and now this time the Drug and Alcohol Task Force (DATFs) is having an important role in this strategy. According to Van Hout and Hearne, It has been estimated that the first drug strategy was introduced in the year 2001 in which people who are having health issues due to overconsumption of alcohol and drug issues are being given proper treatment and a wider range of services as well. The DATFs were providing support for the development and expansion of the integrated and accessible community-based services. Through this, the initiative was largely recognized at the local level and harm was reduced little.
In this study, many drug users analyzed that they are stolen and shoplifted to help and support their drug addiction. There were also reported in the African newspaper is that African ethnic community people were involved in drug distribution especially in cocaine dealing and handling. It can be examined that different countries’ ethnic community people stole drugs and dealing in the black market which is illegal at the global level. Most of the nation’s development policies and strategies in which drug addiction is a crime and people who consume drugs considered criminals according to the view of international countries.
In a study, it has also been revealed that the use of drugs and alcohol inside the new community is because of Boredom as they refuse the opportunities to work and thus they got the feeling of unemployment which compelled them to take this step. It is also said that the immigrants and the refugees were having a high level of mistrust on the government agencies and they felt that they can be deported ant time and thus this mistrust only stopped them from taking any kind of treatment from the government and obtaining services as well. Apart from this, they also have the stress because they live in hostels and they have no family network or social support which can stop them from using the drugs. People of different communities are also having fear of insecure legal status so that they consume drugs and alcohol for reducing their stress. So, the strategies which are prepared by the government go well with the issues that the ethnic minorities are facing (Moss, et. al., 2015). This is a very crucial as well as complicated topic because it is very important to know that at what extent drug abuse is happening in that country so that it can be prevented from spreading even more and complex because it is a private topic so people don’t like to speak about it in public. So, it reduces the chances of making this research successful but if the researcher will make use of smart techniques to conduct this study then it will help them in accessing more knowledge related to this subject.
2.2 To explore experiences of service providers working in addiction services with service users from ethnic minority background;
Various people are working on the strategies which are prepared by the government of Ireland for the people who are drug and alcohol addict. These people are called service providers. When the service providers were interviewed, it was clear that there were addiction issues in some members of the new communities during the Celtic Tiger Era. One of the service providers said that one of the girl’s husbands was very highly addicted to drugs and thus eventually he ended up in prison and was later on deported. He was earlier a seller of drugs and later on took them himself (Mayock, et. al., 2015). Another service provider described that they were treating people from Nigeria, Somalia and there was a group of people who used to hang around us and they were, later on, came out as Heroin users. The service was non-threatening and first, the people are made comfortable, and then only they are pushed for the treatment.
According to Davoren, it was discussed that even though the people here belong to various kinds of Ethnic minorities that are either consuming or dealing in drugs or heavy alcohol, but only very few of them dared to come for the treatment. It was also revealed that the people who belong to new communities normally used to struggle for availing the treatment services available for them in the respective area. They were having trust issues and thus they were not ready to come up for the treatment there.
The service providers also discuss the patterns in which the drugs and alcohol were being consumed by the patients. They described that a combination of cannabis, tablets, and alcohol is being used very popularly among young people (Darker, et. al., 2016). This is a very harmful combination but it is being consumed by the people on a high basis. They also revealed that the people who are from Eastern Europe are more inclined towards alcohol abuse but the people of African communities use more of cannabis (Addiction policies for ethnic minorities in Ireland, 2020).
According to the view of the American government, they have considered their drug law as being racist where they have a disproportionate influence on the minority communities. There are around 90% of such serving time for drug offenses in America that are from Black and minority ethnic groups of people. Irish drug strategy is to not refer to the new societies and similar to the policymakers in Germany, Spain and Sweden have failed to highlight drug use among the different minority ethnic people.
As per the view of Kulesza, et. al., (2016) one of the most important issues that the service providers are required to take care of is that they need not mix the identities of the clients and individually treat each of the clients. It is because many people have overlapping identities as well that mix them with multiple cultural and social groups. Like a Nigerian can also be a second-generation Irish or anyone else. So, it is always advised to the service providers that they should remain careful and should not mistake the patient’s culture and value based on their race or ethnicity. To escape from this situation, it is advised that they should treat every patient as a person who is unknown to them completely. Indulging in culture or race can put the service providers in trouble. The service provider’s role is also to maintain the identity of the patient private if they want but the new community people are totally in disbelief of the government and thus they do not trust the service providers in any manner. There is no possible way also through which they can be convinced because then it will be considered as a forceful act which is against the policy grounds.
According to Van Hout, there are other reasons as well which were mentioned related to people who need the treatment. It is stated that people sometimes hesitate to take help related to drug-related services and they are also unaware that what these services offer. It was also revealed by various drug users that they did not consume the services because they had a fear that they will have to face racism either from the client’s side of the worker’s side. So, the experience of the service providers with the service users of an ethnic minority was quite interesting as they got to experience different kinds of people coming up with different kinds of issues.
2.3 Identify service providers’ opinions concerning the inclusion and equality aspects of service delivery to ethnic minority service users
According to the view of O’Donnell, et. al., (2016)The service providers share an opinion in the relation for inclusion and equality aspects of service delivery to the ethnic minorities service users of Ireland in such a manner that the professional ethics of service providers do not provide any space for them to show or declare any discrimination between the service users of Ireland whether their cultural background is Irish or not. The service providers in Ireland demand the self-acknowledgment of the cultural background of the ethnicity of the service users; to treat the users in the manner of the defined codes and conducts of health laws. The inclusion and equality of the service delivery for the ethnic minorities consider the patients all community as equal and included in the welfare programs and service delivery in Ireland (Jones, et. al., 2017). The ethnic minorities are identified by the service providers as per their opinion concerning inclusion and equality for the service delivery aspects in case of drug addiction in Ireland. The act of discrimination based on ethnic background and cultural identity is being prohibited in Ireland as per the act of racial equality directive. This act was adopted in the whole European region as per the data collection equality and service providing for the ethnic minorities in Ireland. These laws were implemented for the betterment in the opinions of the service providers as per the inclusion and equality of the ethnic minorities in Ireland for service delivery aspects.
The international viewpoint on the situation of the service providers and the service users is similar to the viewpoint of the Ireland state. The service providers do not think about the background of the service users and service providers give services to the drug addicts in Ireland which are mainly belong to the other communities of the entire world which are using the services of the service providers in Ireland.
In the opinion of Patel, et. al., (2016)law defined combat with the discrimination and shows effects in the principle of equal treatment for the ethnic minorities of Ireland. The service providers are trained in such a way that they only see the service users and not mind their ethnic community and background at the time of service providing. They include and show equality for the service users in Ireland and do not show any kind of discrimination for the service users. The Irish human rights and equality commission act of 2014 states the public duty for the relation of human rights and equality. The public of Ireland must eliminate discrimination in the society of service providers and service users of Ireland. The public duty also defines the promotion of equality purposes of the community and protects the human rights of all the people in Ireland who require the service providers for any kind of service whether they are regular nationality or any ethnic in Ireland. The public duty and the laws of the federal governments make the opinion of the service providers with the inclusion and equality of the ethnic minorities of service users in Ireland. The service providers must treat the patients without asking and caring about the personal details of service users (Best, et. al., 2015). The service providers need to maintain the human touch between the service users and service providers which lead towards their opinion of non-discrimination and equality among the ethnic minorities and other nationalities in the state of Ireland. The public dominates in the duty towards the law of equality and non-discrimination among the society where every human is first considered as a human and not as any national representative. The Irish laws define nine grounds for discrimination which include race, ethnic origin, membership for indigenous ethnic minority, and Irish travelers. Ireland is increasing in diversity and offering shelter to the different communal background with non-discriminated and equality in a society which makes easier for the diversity to fulfill their need in a great manner. The service providers serve the ethnic minority in the service delivery as per the public duty of the inclusion and equality in the health services for drug addiction and other health-related services. The other European countries provide different kinds of service provider’s ethics and rules in their land. the view on Ireland’s service providers regulations are different from the other European countries like Britain, Germany, and France which serves the drug addicts of ethical minorities based on their community background and various rules and regulations are being considered in dealing with them, unlike Ireland where the service providers provide health services to the service users without any questions asked.
In the words of Sewell, et. al., (2017)The service providers need to include and show equality for the ethnic minorities of Ireland as per the law and their professional ethics in which the service providers should not discriminate about the service delivery user’s community and nationality. The service providers will provide their services to the service users in their opinion which do not involve the question regarding the relation of inclusion and equality for the service users. The service providers will offer services as human rights to the ethical minorities of Ireland and also as the public duty which promotes equality in society and eliminates any kind of discrimination in the society concerning the health services to the people of Ireland (Knight, et. al., 2016). The service providers will include the ethnic minorities in the law of health services as in their opinion every human should be available with the best health services without thinking about any kind of discrimination of race and community. The service users will gain the health services for their drug addiction and other needs for the betterment in the health facility in Ireland without thinking about the ethnic religion and community of the people who are using the health services from the opinion of the service providers of Ireland which serve with inclusion and equality.
As per the view of Wiessing, et. al., (2017)It is the main responsibility of the service providers is to treat every patient who is suffered from any disease and they have to provide good care. They are equally treating all the people whether they belong to ethnic communities or not. The service providers’ opinion towards delivering care and treatment to such community people is the same as per the other community individuals. There is no difference in their thoughts and they are work on reduces the addiction of drugs and alcohol among people of Ireland especially in the ethnic minority communities (Ford, et. al., 2017). Along with this, it is required for the service provider is to analyze their wants and requirements according to this provide treatment to them. They are given their opinions in a positive way concerning the communities and their healthcare services in a proper manner. Also, they are serving the best care to their patients and aware of them regarding the disadvantages of drugs and alcohol to their health.
2.4 Suggestions that service providers would have for the inclusive service delivery policy
According to the view of Hser, et. al., (2015)the service providers focus on providing suggestions that would have for the inclusive service delivery policy. They are concentrating on reviewing the drug-related policies and service provision in Ireland and also understand the policies and facility provision for addiction for ethnic societies in the country. It is important for workers who provide service to the drug-addicted ethic community is required to gives some suggestions to the inclusive service delivery policy which helps the drug-addicted people in Ireland and live a better life. The service providers play an important role in delivering to the designing, planning, and implementing effective services through which ethnic communities able to leave their drug addiction. The service providers are mainly involved in the development and design of facilities which is the core goal of the drug policy (Shattuck, et. al., 2016). The inclusive service delivery policy defines as the conscious choice which ensures that every person feels welcome and accepted in the community. When individuals feel involved so they contribute, participate, and express themselves freely. Diversity helps in making that better and stronger person where everyone feels free to perform their service and deliver the best policies related to drug addiction and many more. The various countries in Europe and other international countries like America and Australia have various viewpoints in the inclusion of service delivery issues for the ethical minority communities in their nation just like Ireland. There are variations in the policies and procedures for service delivery at this international level which is quite different from the policies offered in Ireland.
The service users are such people who use social and health care facilities from providers in a better manner.it also involves such individuals who are desired users of health services and social care interferences including drug-addicted people and who do not understand the policies associating with drugs. There are some suggestions which would have for the inclusive service deliver policies are described as under
- Provide instructions and guidance to support the Minister of State in the formulation of a new National Drugs Strategy from 2017 onwards.
- Need to formulate a combined public health method to substance misuse that is outlined as a dangerous use of a psychoactive substance which includes illicit and alcohol drugs, also incorporates the accurate suggestions of other associated policies include National Substance Misuse Strategy.
- Require to analyze the relevance of current strategy in dealing with current nature and extent of issues drug uses in Ireland which includes emerging trends and other problems concern to the available investigation.
Should examine the development and growth in drug policies and also recognize the global best practice in the handling of such drug issues especially at the EU and international level.
- Review and examine the operational effectiveness of the structure and coordinated methods of the National Drugs Strategy that includes NACDA, NCC, OFD, NDRIC, and DATF and carry out a SWOT analysis on the partnership approach.
- Ireland’s government needs to make changes and modifications in their current drug policies which help them in maintaining stability and existence in their laws.
These are some suggestions that are provided by service providers for the inclusive service delivery policy in Ireland. Apart from this, service providers play an essential in developing the social abilities, wellbeing, and resilience of other individuals.
As per the view of Edmundson, et. al., (2018)Service providers are involved in the care or treatment plan of every addicted people; they are bound with the communities and prefer treatment first. Service providers do not treat the person based on their religion or caste, every suffered individual is considered as patients in their eye and they do not divide them based on the communities or societies. They give suggestions and advice to Ireland government is to focus on patient safety and quality which is the main core of the treatment in the current time. Along with this, health practitioners’ are guided by their code of ethics and conducts and also assure patient safety, they require governance, leadership, and clinical commitment. The service providers are involved in the care of service users and delivery policy which accurately assist users. Through this, the involvement of participants in the local services is increased. Also, services provided to service users along with the opportunity to deliver a constructive response on both positive and negative experiences of attending the facilities. HSE needs to develop a plan which should be undertaken as a service user experience survey and analyze the findings or results.
The service provider’s inclusion policy in other countries outside Ireland like Germany, France, Britain, America, and Australia are working on new policies and procedures in the way of drug addiction service providers of the community minorities of the ethical region. Ireland is serving the ethical minorities without any questioning about their background and community region but on the international level, this kind of discrimination based on someone’s ethical background and main minorities in any country are dealing with the issues of drug addiction and service provider’s indulgence in treating them as humans. Thus the international viewpoint in the inclusion of the service providers in the policies is quite different from what is seen in Ireland and its local administration.
In the opinion of Dingle, et. al., (2015)Service providers require suggesting to participate in the local, regional, and national decision-making structure of the strategy. They are plays an important role in making sure about the delivery and design of alcohol and drug treatment facilities that assist in reach with the needs of drugs and alcohol problems in ethnic minority communities. There are a various large association, organization, networks provide this platform for the service providers is to raise their voice and ensure that there is the effective engagement of policies and maintain it properly. It is important for the Ireland government is to concentrate on existing and new policies that assist and support in maintaining strategies related to drug treatment. In this, service providers play a vital part in handling all the community of people and provide care to them without any discrimination. The research mainly focuses on exploring the current addiction and drug policies and service provision for ethnic minorities in Ireland.
In the words of Chatwin, et. al., (2017)Service providers focus on maintaining treatment and providing proper care to each people who are addicted to drugs and alcohol. They also give suggestions to the inclusive service delivery policy that ensures the development of drug policies by the government and needs to do some changes which are required. In addition to this, the government of Ireland concern about the treatment process and develop effective policies that are helpful for addicted people. The government requires conducting a program where they analyze the number of addicted individuals to drugs and alcohol in the ethnic minority communities. With the assistance of this, they can easily examine and evaluate the number of addicted people from misuse substances that are harmful to their health. Service providers help and support the government in spreading awareness regarding not using drugs and alcohol as it creates a negative impact on human health and wellbeing.
3.1 Research Methodology
The research methodology is a vital part of the development and evaluation of the research as it assists in identifying different types of methods that are required to study and applied to collect appropriate data and take suggestive activities. The investigation is mainly based on how information has been collected and processed based on research needs and requirements. It can be observed that data can be related to the substance and drug addiction among the ethnic minorities’ community people. The research is conducted at primary and secondary levels to capture the main aspects which influence and relative actions that are taken with them. it can be an integral step for the formulation of the effective research method which can assist in collecting in-depth knowledge regarding the addiction of drugs among the ethnic communities people in Ireland and other countries(Nowotny, 2015). The research methodology is based on both existing and historical data which directly influence the current issues and problems. There are different technologies and research methodologies that are used to gather and examine the data and also deliver resources in a better manner.
It is the process and methods which are used to identify, procedure, analyze, examine, and select the data and information regarding the topic. In the research, the methodology part allows the readers to critically determine and evaluate the study’s overall reliability and validity in a better manner. The knowledge and details from the analysis are presented that enabled to properly evaluate and understand the report. It assists in understand the critical documents and information which had collected and gathered to execute the project. This study is mainly focused on the addiction of drugs and alcohol among the ethnic monitory people. This method observed to be required as it enables us to obtain and collect all the required data from particular topics. In this segment, some specific evaluation and analysis strategies have focused on systematically gathering knowledge. With the assistance of proper tools and techniques, researchers will be capable of collecting and gathering specific data and information in a better manner.
3.2 Research Method
A research method is that process which is used for analyzing and collectingaccurate data. Research methods are the procedures, strategies, and techniquesused in gathering of data for analysis to uncover the new data and information and also develop a better understanding of specific topics. There aretwo forms of research methods that involve qualitative and quantitative method. The qualitative method is considered a secondary investigation tool that is used to evaluate and understand the past available data and researches are based on existing requirements of the research. In this study, it is necessary to have some common knowledge regarding the addiction of drugs among the ethnic people. These techniques learned different journals and articles that are required to analyze the whole facilities which are related to the investigation and make a subsequent evaluation of theory and provides non-numerical data analysis tools(Soto, et. al., 2015). Such methods help in providing in-depth understanding and theoretical evaluation to deliver accurate results based on them. There are various sources which help in collecting data and information such as books, journals, magazines, case study, newspaper and so more.
On the other hand, the quantitative research method is the type of research methodology that is mainly used in the research approach in which there is a requirement to deliver the numerical and measurable outcomes according to the existing needs of an investigation. Such type of research methodology is systematic and it has well measurement research data factors that are related to them. This study is based on various forms of research applied in these procedures. The use of statistical need and data collection process is based on various models or hypotheses and it is used in entire processes. Along with this, the evaluation and determination of the data can be completed with the help of conducting surveys and observation methods that recommended the process, and effective results are based on research(Blume, 2016). The significance of summary and collective methods has been addressed in this investigation. To collect and gain deep knowledge regarding any issue, the methodology provides an original platform of numeric which applies the procedure and collects relevant information in a better manner.
In this research, both qualitative and quantitative methods for collecting the data and information to complete the research report.
3.3 Research Approach
It is that approach that has been used in gathering and obtaining important data to analyze the accurate direction for the study in a better manner. There are various forms of research approach which include inductive and deductive. The deductive approach had already involved in developing and forming theories from such ideas and gathering investigation to assess the observations. It is determined by developing a hypothesis that is based on current models and theory and then it helps in designing and developing an investigation strategy to test the hypothesis. It involves in beginning and start of the theory, designing the hypotheses from such theory and model and then analyze the data to examine these hypotheses. The deductive approach can be described by the means of hypotheses that can be derived from the propositions of the theory. The deductive approach follows the direction and path in a logical way. it takes steps that are described for the inductive research and reverse their orders. This method helps in collecting common knowledge regarding the analysis of the addiction to drugs among ethnic communities’ people.
The inductive approach is a rational and careful procedure which mainly involves in different hypotheses, coupled to accomplish the specific conclusions. The research has concentrated on using the deductive method for forming the hypotheses and operates the whole research in a better way. The topic mainly focuses on analyzing the addiction of drugs and alcohol in the ethnic minority communities(Zapolski, et. al., 2017). The inductive approach begins with the observations and theories which are planned to the end of the research procedure as a result of the explanations. In this research, an investigator starts by gathering and collecting the data which are accurate to the topic of interest.
In this study, the deductive approach has been used by the researcher which helps in collecting and gathering accurate evidence and knowledge for the judgment of the research. The main limitation of this tool is that investigator could not use the stronger, more successful models and theory. It can help an individual immediately increasing uncertainty and difficulties.
3.4 Research Philosophy
Research philosophy is the belief regarding the way where data about a phenomenon should be collected, gathered, examined and used properly.This section is essential for the study which assists in concluded the thesis and selecting the right theory that helped in achieving key goals and objectives. It has been determining that there are various forms of the philosophy of research which include positivism and interpretivism. This philosophy mainly concentrates on identifying and recognizing the impact of addiction on drugs in the ethnic community people in Ireland.
Positivism philosophy is that term which is used to explain and describes an approach to the study of community which relies on scientific document and evidence, which includes experiments and statistics to reveal the true nature of hoe society is regulated and operated. As a philosophy, positivism adheres to the view which is only determined as factual knowledge and it gains with the help of observation(Amaro, et. al., 2016). This is that term which is mainly used to describe and explain an approach to the study and helps in maintaining and managing business operations.
Interpretivism philosophy is also known as interpretivism that includes researchers to interpret components of the study. Interpretivist approach is mainly based on the realistic method of data collection that includes interviews and observations. Secondary data research is famous with the interpretivism philosophy.
In this study, the researcher has been used Interpretivismphilosophy that helps in gaining accurate illustrations in gathering the required statistics and knowledge. Along with this, the approach assists in achieving certain awareness of people correctly. This philosophy provides information regarding the drug addiction among ethnic communities people Ireland.
3.5 Research design
The research design is the plan to answer the research questions. Research design ensures about the information and data are obtained which will assist in answer the research question in an effective way.In this, the researcher should draw an accurate structure with the assistance of this method. There are different forms of research design that includes the descriptive and exploratory design of research(Kulesza, et. al., 2016). The descriptive research is being used to describe and explain the knowledge and information collected; on the other hand, the exploratory technique is being used to collect new data and facts. In this investigation, the researcher has used an exploratory method for collecting and collecting data that are associated with the addiction to drugs and alcohol. With the help of an exploratory method, the investigator has capable of exploring and analyzing the new information and facts regarding the investigation topic in a better manner. The descriptive study is the observational research that evaluates and describes the pattern of happening occurrence concerning the variables that include individual, place, and time. It is often the initial stage or initial inquiry in the new topic, situation, and event. It is the scientific technique which mainly included in observing and determining the behavior of the subject without influencing it in each manner. Whereas the exploratory research design does not aim to provide and deliver the final and conclusive answers to the investigation questions, but it discovers the research topic with different levels of depth. This method helps in understanding and evaluating the research and underlying the opinions, ideas, and thoughts of an individual. It also provides insights into the issue and assists in developing ideas and hypotheses for the desired quantitative investigation.
In this study, exploratory research design helps in collecting data and information for completing the research and gains the required knowledge about the addiction of drugs among the ethnic community people in Ireland.
3.6 Thematic analysis
Thematic analysis is widely used method of analysis in qualitative research. Braun and Clarke (2006) stated that thematic analysis is the underpinning method of analysis which required be describing and outlining to setting its position in the qualitative research.It can be used to examine both small and large data sets and it is claimed to be well-matched with the phenomenology which mainly concentrate on participants’ subjective experiences and sense making.The thematic analysis is the tool and method of analyzing the qualitative data in the research. It is mainly applied to set the texts, such as interview transcripts. The researchers of this study closely examine and evaluate the entire data to identify common themes, topics, ideas, and patterns of meaning that are come up repeatedly(King, et. al., 2016). In this study, the researcher has been selecting qualitativeanalysis as there is a limitation in finding a large number of samples within the period as the response rate for the survey is comparatively low. The researcher also thinks that face to face interviews assist in understands the verbal and non-verbal factors of the conversation. With the assistance of this method, the researcher could easily develop themes and analyze the interview results accurately.
3.7 Data collection methods and tools
Data collection is that technique and method which main aim is to gather and collect the required knowledge associated to the specific topics. It has been observed that study styles required assessment which assists in evaluating and determine the sources from which data and information are attained. Along with this, there are two forms of data collection methods that include primary and secondary data in a better way(Ulmer, 2017). The primary technique mainly focuses on gathering and attaining the new knowledge whereas the secondary method has been used the existing data and information to execute the appropriate knowledge. The primary method is used for exploring the research and collects original information from the selected respondents and gain their potential opinions and views properly. There are various sources of the primary tool which includes a questionnaire, interview, database, surveys and so more. On the other hand, the secondary method is used for collecting second-hand materials and information for completing and developing the research report in a proper manner. Some of the sources of gathering secondary techniques that involve books, magazines, journals, newspaper, case study, and many more.
In this study, the researcher has been used primary and secondary tools that help in collecting and gathering accurate data in a better way. Such methods assist in obtaining and gathering appropriate data to complete the research.
3.8 Data analysis
Data analysis is that process that is used to collect, select, transform, and modeling the data to explore the useful and relevant data for business decision making. The main motive of the data analysis is to extract and discover information and make the decision which is based on the data examination in a better manner. It is important for the researcher is to understand and evaluate the issue which is facing in an organization and also analyze the data effectively. Data analysis interprets, presents, and organizes the data into relevant data that provides in the context of information. This is that approach is considered an essential segment and it can assist in gathering accurate data and information(Ørngreen, et. al., 2017). To collect the required opinions and points of view of the participants regarding some questions related to the specific topic. In this research, the questionnaire tool has been selected for the collection of relevant data. The answer has assisted in consider analyzing the addiction of drugs and alcohol in the ethnic community of people. The data collects and gathers describe some sort of the topic summary that is accurate to segment on collecting data. The primary data collection technique has been used in this investigation and gathers information that helps in interpreting the thematic analysis. It is that procedure which helps in applying statistical and logical tools to explain and evaluate the data in a proper way. In addition to this, it is required for the researcher is to focus on analyzing the impact of drug and alcohol addiction in the ethnic community of people.
3.9 Research Strategy
The research strategy associated with the step by step execution plan that guides the processing data and structural study condition. There are different forms of tools which are tests, case studies, and pools. A survey is the quantitative knowledge of the collection method which is concentrated on statistical and it is used to gather data and information from a group of people. On the other hand, the interview applied to the observational data analysis technique where the evidence and documents from their point of view have been attained from the survey(Dumay, et. al., 2015). The limitation of this method is that it is time consuming and expensive tool which assists in collecting accurate data for developing the research report. The researcher requires such data which helps in gathering data with the assistance of the development of appropriate framework and process. The data does not monitor and supervised as per the current rules and regulations by using the quantitative methodological approach.
This study mainly focuses on conducting multiple investigation work within a specific time. To achieve the research aim, a new set of revolutionary strategy must be formed and executed properly. There could be some accurate framework in this so that the chances of mistakes and errors are immediately reduced. The main motive of this research is to develop the Gantt chart which helps in developing and forming the chronology study. There are some sorts of the graph which would enable the investigator to shape the reasonable project action plan. Along with this, the Gantt chart is useful and helpful for scheduling the tasks and different activities. This supports the researcher to determine and evaluate the time which must take by the proposal, identify required performance, and maintain the sequence whereas the investigator performs effective roles and responsibilities. Also, they work to control and manage cross tasks and reduces the possibility of uncertainties and risks. With the assistance of an accurate Gantt chart and timeline the researcher that has capable to complete the work within a given time frame.
3.11 Ethical considerations
In this, the researcher will ensure that various research practices bring out a legal and acceptable way. If an investigator struggles to attain the predictions and assumptions, it could not have executed and implemented properly. The emphasis of such research would be drawn for arrangements not to pass the respondent’s data and private information to any other member. It is an important rule of the selected participants is to follow the ethical standards which must be incorporated to make sure the reporting transparency. Copyright Act 1976 has been deemed to safeguard the material which is attained and gained from academic reviews and publications along with the Data Protection Act 1998(Taherdoost, 2016). The main plan for conducting this investigation is being carried out for keeping in mind the various factors of two acts. All the gathered and collected data is protected and prevented from outside the control of external deliverables properly. In addition to this, the outcome of such research is not used for any other motive. The entire tasks of the investigation have been conducted logically and ethically. With the assistance of such ethical considerations, the researchers make sure that accurate and proper results are drawn out effectively.
To conduct the research, certain limitations are faced while the development and analysis of some factors that are related to the research properly(Fletcher, 2017). The requirement to examine and gather effective limitation is required to reduce the possible and strong results associated with the similar and also develop changes according to the needs. The research analysis has been needed to observe the influence of addicted drugs among ethnic society people in Ireland and the rest of the countries. Some of the main research limitations which need to be focused by the investigator that includes:
• The respondents of the population deliver the knowledge which is based on existing factors and deliver related data based on their opinion and thoughts.
• Selection of appropriate sample population that is gives appropriate response and reviews
• Selection of an effective technology helps in providing in-depth analysis for gathered data and deliver necessary resources and get research results
• The other limitation was choosing an effective number of factors that can help in a study about the addiction to the drugs and alcohol present in the ethnic community people in Ireland. In certain cases, selected participants were either not interested or not providing their responses and it makes data analysis more complex.
• Limited availability of time, inadequate financial resources are available and uncertainty in a future collection.
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