Coronavirus pandemic as a public health event or public health emergency


The reflective assignment is based on analyzing the coronavirus pandemic as a public health emergency which creates major issues in different countries. WHO announced the spread of COVID 19 to be a public health emergency of the international concern on January 30th this year and this is characterized as a pandemic on 11th March. As a practitioner, I consider that coronavirus creates negative influences on global people’s health and by this; they have to face major issues.

Analyze what you have learned about the coronavirus as a public health emergency

As a practitioner, I have learned that coronavirus has created a deep impact on individual life and by this, some people are feeling depressed. During the COVID, the PHEIC declares that it is the highest level alert which shows this pandemic will damage the country’s people’s health and loss to the economy (Bhatnagar, et. al., 2020). I have analyzed that during this pandemic, the government does not understand what they need to do for saving their people’s life. For this, they think more concentrated and take action for the full lockdown where no one can allow going outside. Along with this, I have learned that coronavirus is not a normal disease and it may create damage to individual lungs and liver majorly. In my opinion, I consider that the government should more be focused on adopting new and latest healthcare technology or equipment.

COVID 19 is a major pandemic which develops a negative impact on various countries’ healthcare sectors and industries. It has been also analyzed that some developed countries such as America, France, Italy, and Germany face problems regarding lack of ventilation services and lack of medical facilities. Due to this, there are large numbers of patients died, and some face in a critical situation (Wen, et. al., 2020). In my experience, I feel that most of the corona patients feel anxiety and face breathing issues that is the major symptom of COVID 19. But it has been observed after some months there are no symptoms seen among people but they are died by the reason of coronavirus. As a practitioner, I have learned that this pandemic creates a wide face and no one can understand its symptom but it will affect human health. The government also believed that this coronavirus is a major public health emergency that may impact on human life as well as countries economy or growth level.

Role of various stakeholders and their interest group in a public health emergency

Stakeholders define as a party which has an interest within an organization and it can affect by the business. There are different stakeholders and their interest groups that should be dealt with in public health practices. Various stakeholders are described as under:

Local government: They are such stakeholders who are performing work to manage the country’s local health issues and problems. The major interest of local authorities is to focus on maintaining local public health situations.
Health experts: Such stakeholders counselling the people who are depressed and also take necessary actions by this human life can save and protect them (Wang, et. al., 2020). Healthcare specialist’s main interest is to build awareness among people regarding how the coronavirus affects their life.
Local business interests: They are those stakeholders who are performing major activities in the business. Most of the businesses mainly focus on their employees’ needs and requirements. Along with this, companies may understand their staff members’ interests and provide them the impact of COVID 19 on their health.
The media: They are such stakeholders who are providing the latest news related to coronavirus to their audience. Media plays an important role in community engagement and awareness.
Representatives of long-term community: They are those stakeholders who are designed to support older people’s health and such people who face disabilities should stay at homes. The long-term community performs a role in providing care to the older age people at their homes (Tu, et. al., 2020).
Representatives of new groups: It is such stakeholders in which a small group of people has made their decisions on behalf of larger groups.
State government: Such a form of stakeholders control and manage different functions of the country and develop awareness among people regarding coronavirus. Also, they deliver information to the people that the government declares a lockdown in all the areas due to this pandemic.
Local health care personnel: Such stakeholders mainly concentrate on people’s health and analyze their issues related to health. Some personnel calculates how many individuals who have COVID 19 in their areas.

This virus has infected all ages of people. However, it has suggested that there are two groups of people who are at a higher risk of getting severe Coronavirus disease. Such are older individuals whose age is over 60 and another are those people who underlying medical situations like Cardiovascular, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer (Shigemura, et. al., 2020). As a practitioner, it has been observed that due to the COVID 19 mostly such people are affected who already face major diseases such as heart problems, diabetes, lung issues, TB, and kidney disease. Along with this, it is essential for adults are to protect themselves and follow precautions as well.

I have learned that stakeholder as a community representative is performing a major role in the public health emergency. They are mainly defined as groups, organizations, or businesses that have general interest or concern in the community. Such stakeholders can affect and may be affected by the community’s objectives, actions, and policies.

Discuss the role of community in professional practices

In my opinion, community practices are essential as a professional role in the provision of palliative care at the time of pandemic such as Coronavirus. The community focuses on allocate all the ain resources and adopt the latest technology which is used during the treatment of active COVID 19 patients. Also, the group of community develops health-related strategies, policies, plans which help in a deal with such virus properly (Poon, et. al., 2020). Most of the health care workers are performing professional work and provide care to the patients. The main responsibility of care workers is to deliver the best services and provide personal care to the people who face coronavirus.
The role of communities in professional practices is very important and crucial as the professional practices can treat the infected people but the prevention of the deadly diseases is in hands of the community (Cai, et. al., 2020). If the community acts responsibly and do their part in the prevention of diseases like COVID 19 pandemics, then the professional practices will be more effective and beneficial for the community. If the community fails in fulfilling their duties and responsibility then the best professional practices can also not help the community as the weight of the pandemic will affect the efficiency and needs of the community for the treatment.

Understanding the public health practices during COVID 19

COVID 19 is an infectious disease that originated from china is declared a pandemic by the world health organization at the end of March 2020. Public health practices during the COVID 19 pandemics are the practices that were promoted to accept by the public all over the world to prevent the spread of the virus on higher levels. Public health practices included social distancing, wearing masks, preventing gatherings on various occasions, washing hands with soap or sanitizer, and many more guidelines are provided for the public health interest to prevent the spread of the virus and transitioning from lower stages. Cleanliness was the major public health practice that was promoted on a wider range for protecting the public from the dangerous COVID 19 pandemics (Phelan, et. al., 2020). The groups and stakeholders related to the essential services in the time of pandemic were at most risk in the public health events occurring such as doctors, janitors, police, general stores members, and food suppliers. The public health practices were introduced to protect the public from the virus and lockdown in various parts of the world was implemented to straighten the curve of the infected people and also decrease the death toll all over the world. Until now more than 10 million people have lost their lives due to coronavirus.
The public health practices were not followed on logical terms by the public in various parts of the world. The individual perceptions played an important role in the following of public health practices which were crucial to be followed. The people made their perceptions about the coronavirus that it is not harmful or lethal enough to cause harm to their health. These perceptions lead towards carelessness in following the guidelines and rules for the prevention of virus in the whole world (McCloskey, et. al., 2020). The carelessness of the public resulted in the vast spread of the virus on higher stakes and killing more people which could be prevented from the actions of the public health services in COVID 19. The COVID 19 public health services were very important for the public health in which various actions were taken for the health services of the public and lessen the effect of the corona virus on the public health and other sectors that were highly affected by the coronavirus in all over the world. The weakness in the following of guidelines and following rules for the prevention of coronavirus for public health services resulted in the enhancement of pandemic on higher levels in all over the world.

Consider your personal experience in the large context of community engagement

In my opinion as a practitioner, my personal experience in COVID 19 pandemics has been very useful in terms of my profession to witness a pandemic and its context of the community engagement for the prevention policies. As a practitioner, I experienced a wide range of things in the large context of community engagement where I found that the health sector of many countries is very weak and is not capable of handling a large number of cases in the time of pandemic were the countries faced the lack of medical types of equipment (Garfin, et. al., 2020). The health sectors in various countries are not as developed as the military sectors which created various issues for the treatment of the public sector hospitals. The countries do not focus on the public health sector which created troubles of medical equipment lacking in countries like America, France, Italy, Germany, and many more.
As a practitioner, I experienced that the community engagement against the fight for COVID 19 pandemic was exceptional at the starting point but it declined further due to the carelessness and lack of awareness in people about the dangerous levels of the COVID 19 pandemic. The hospitals and other health sectors worked overtime to prevent infectiously and treating infected people. In the larger context, the community was required to be engaged for a longer period for the prevention of the corona virus all over the world but it collapsed after the unlock of countries from lockdown (Cai, et. al., 2020). The health sectors all over the world worked on exceptional levels when they were prone to get infected. The governments need to focus on the public health sectors which are not sufficiently equipped for fighting pandemics like COVID 19 in the coming future. Due to the lack of medical equipment and professionals, many people lost their lives in different parts of the world. The need for development and advanced technology introduction in the medical sector has become a crucial need for the United Nations and the world health organization. Millions of dollars are spent on the military powers of various countries but the health sectors are still suffering in my opinion due to lack of duty and development in these sectors which are directly related to the community engagement and their protection which provides lives to the dead.


From the above described reflective assignment, it can be concluded that COVID 19 is the major pandemic for worldwide countries. By this, most of the people died and some are facing critical conditions. In this, practitioners and healthcare experts work to deal with such viruses and take action to recover a large number of patients.


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