This research proposal depends on the grounds of the prior assignment 1 that is dependent on analyzing the impact of accounting information system (AIS) on the performance of the organization. The key objective of this research proposal is to critically assess the problems identified in Assessment 1 and present the required research frameworks by interrogating the authenticated and reliable type of resources. Besides this research proposal is exploring the gaps, opportunities in the research proposal that has been further developed in the Assessment 1.
Accounting information system is the crucial component that has been responsible for enhancing the organizational performance. It has been observed that because of increasing complexity in the transactions in the recent businesses of AGL Energy limited the requirement of the effective accounting system has been increased. The main aim of this research proposal is to explore the gaps, opportunities in the research proposal that has been further developed in the Assessment 1. This research proposal has been aimed to enhance the research more deeply by defining the time schedule and explore the methodology for conducting this research
2. Project Objective
The key objective of this paper will assist learners to justify the need of accounting information system in AGL Energy Ltd for enhancing its performance and evaluate the imact after the implementation.The primary purpose of this research has to be accomplished in the context of this research proposal as per stated below:
- To identify the need for AIS in enhancing the organizational
- To evaluate the impact of AIS on increasing the efficiency of AIS
- To measure the performance of the organization with the help of AIS.
- To measure the impact of AIS on organisation’s performance
All the above specified objectives are efficiently described in this mentioned research proposal.
3. Project Scope
The primary scope of this research project is very descriptive and initially, the scope of this project has done for analyzing the impact of the organizational performance of AGL Energy Limited. The project has been identically focused to find out the advantages of implementing an advanced version of this accounting system in the organization. The key purpose of this research is to critically analyze the effect of AIS in the performance of the organization. In addition to this, the research has been conducted to identify the pros and cons of an accounting information system in the organizational context. Besides this, the project proposal has been aimed to analyze the gaps & limitations of this report. This research has also framed the time schedule for completing the project and evaluates the research methodology suitable for this project.
4. Literature Review
This the main part of this research proposal and has been defined the meaning of accounting system and identify its role and importance in the organizational context. As per Simkin, et. al., (2014), It has also stated that accounting information system is usually compromised of six key components first are peoples who the main components are responsible for running the accounting system interface. Second is the instruction and guidelines of operating the system and the third is the data frame that has been used. Fourth is Software that is the components that are the integral parts of the system. Fifth is the information technology infrastructure that is supporting this system to full fill the gaps of this system. Sixth components are the internal controls that will help the AIS to run smoothly this system interface.
The AIS has impacted the organizational performance by impacting the internal and external stakeholders who are relatively getting impacted because of this change in the accounting system.
It has evidenced by the previous research process that AIS will furthermore enhance the performance of organization and it has witnessed that because of the usage of AIS in the AGL energy limited its cost is decreased and revenues are enhanced while if the traditional system has been implemented there are a lot of loopholes has been found in the system as compared with advanced version of accounting system.
As per Simkin, et. al., (2014), Several researchers are in favor of this AIS system and justified their logic on behalf of the theory that occasional failures that are previously evolved in the traditional system has completely eliminated in the system and this will further enhance the organizational performance. It has been witnessed that the AIS system will make capable the system in case of their day to day challenges in the accounting paradigm.
The key focus understanding the limitation in the prior research and design the current research process to eliminate the gaps and limitations in this research process. In this research process because of the unavailability of time and evidence, the barriers that are evolving up in the AIS system is not explored. The research has identified the role and impacts of AIS in the organizational performance but due to unavailability of interrelation in the components of the AIS the functioning and performance has been affected.
This will further affect the organizational performance. In this way, this will subsequently affect the organizational performance.
These will initiate the probability of further investigation in presence of limited research evidence and presence of contradictory statements.
HO- There is no assumption that organizational performance is affected because of the accounting information system.
H1- There is an assumption that organizational performance is impacted because of the accounting information system,
5. Research Questions/Hypothesis
This research paper is solely dependent on one primary and two secondary questions
- How the organisation’s performance level will be upgraded because of AIS
- What are the sub-areas that have been affected because of the implementation of
- What are the parameters that will make AIS better than traditional accounting
6. Research Design and Methodology
As per the Parker, (2012), Qualitative research is the descriptive field of a research proposal that will use the unorganized data procurement methods such as conducting interviews, observations as well as surveys that will present conclusion on the majority of assumptions etc. This type of research will be putting their efforts to explore the reason behind the organizational performance and analyze the contribution of AIS in enhancing the organizational performance. Key steps of performing Qualitative research proposal as stated below:
- Determining major issue.
- Re-evaluation of Literature
- Resolution of the problem
- Defining and emphasizing concepts clearly.
- Identification of Sample
- Designing the execution plan
- Compilation of data
- Investigate the data
- Review of data
Methodologies of dependability and legitimacy:
Reliability can be defined as the learning that will evidenced the results that are totally consistent for a time period and evaluate the precise depiction of the total sample size that is taken in account for learning in this research proposal while on the other side As per Parker (2012), Validity will define the intended objectives for the research and will evaluate the correctness of research results. Both the dependability and legitimacy in the process of qualitative research will be based on conducting research in the real environment. Here, this can be performed by initiating the random survey for analyzing the effectiveness of AIS in real situations and measure the outcomes in the context of organizational performance.
Sampling: This can be done by selecting a small part of a sample size from a large group of sample size. There are generally two forms of sampling process one is nonrandom and the other is a random sampling.
Sample size: As per Marshall, & Rossman, (2014), It is the method of investigating the whole lot of observations into the account of the statistical form of sample size. In this research proposal, the sample of departments and sub-areas are taken into account as a sample size that is impacted by the AIS.
Data collection methods: As per Walter & Andersen, (2013), In this process, several surveys and questionnaires have been prepared for analyzing the outcomes of respondents and their answers are further classified into two different groups.
Variables Specifications: There are usually two prevailing forms of variable specification are available in the research arena.
Reliant Variable– Performance of Organisational
Autonomous Variable– Accounting information system (AIS)
This is type of research technique that will include the group of arithmetical or statistical results. These are solely relying on the statistics and numeric and statistics and are not based on the quality and situations. There are several phases of designing of Quantitative research
- Preparing the idea
- Insertion of Hypothesis
- Framing Research process
- Concepts implementation
- Planning a research location
- Appreciation of respondents
- Collecting primary statistics
- Dispensation the data grades
- Analysing statistics
- Evaluate conclusion and findings
- Display of results
Research tools: According to Walter & Andersen (2013), These are described as a tools that are specifically utilised evaluating primary data that are primarily framed to identify the relative outcomes of the data. In detonated research proposal scales as well as questionnaires are being utilised as a research tool
Quantitative Data Analysis Process:
Five steps of data analysis are available as research tools. Starting step is related with the creation of questions, second step is related with the process and third step is related with collection of required info. Fourth step is related with data interrogation to eliminate the useless data and last step is linked with interpretation of data.
Selection of Sample Size: According to the McCusker & Gunaydin (2015), determination of sample size is a statistical issue which demands for the additional attention. In this regard, the minimum sample size that has considered is 100 respondents from the employees based in different departments of AGL Energy Limited
Interviewing and Questionary Design: In this context, minimum 100 respondents working in the AGL Energy limited has been considering who are significantly impacted because of implementation of accounting information system in the company.
Dependability and legitimacy of Data:
This process is related with the selection of accurate sample size. It will help the researchers to select the best sample of considered population to ensure the attainment of research objectives.
7. Research Limitations
The key limitation of this research proposal is that the secondary objectives are only dependent on the achievement of the primary objectives of this research. The researcher has put more emphasis on the primary motto of this research and along with neglected the secondary motto. The research proposal that has been defined is not critically analyzed further and resources that are taken into consideration in the research proposal is not validated and trustworthy. Besides this, there are also significant chances that research is fully biased or being influenced. It has also been seen that the research is over-dependent on the internet.
8. Time Schedule (Research plan)
The planning and scheduling of activities are needed to be framed as per the timeline defined and it has to be ensured that all the phases have to be completed in the decided time frame.
This research report has concluded that AIS has changed the dynamics of operations and functioning of the organization. In order to achieve the organizational excellence, there should be the efficient and effective implementation of AIS has to be conducted it has to be ensured that after implementing the organizational performance has to checked frequently at a specific time to time. Also, the limitation of this research proposal has to keep in mind to gain effective results.
10. Reference List
- Crowther, D. and Lancaster, G., 2012. Research methods. Routledge.
- Hamdan, M.W., 2012. The impact of accounting information systems (AIS) development life cycle on its effectiveness and critical success factors. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 8(6).
- Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B., 2014. Designing qualitative research. Sage publications.
- McCusker, K., & Gunaydin, S, 2015. Research using qualitative, quantitative or mixed methods and choice based on the research. Perfusion, 30(7), 537-542.
- Parker, L.D., 2012. Qualitative management accounting research: Assessing deliverables and relevance. Critical perspectives on accounting, 23(1), pp.54-70.
- com, 2014. The Research Process Model – Reading Craze. [online] Available at: http://readingcraze.com/index.php/research-process-model/ [Accessed on: 30 Aug. 2018].
- com, 2018. Ethnographic Research Proposal Unique 17 Best Research Images On Pinterest | the proposal. [online] Available at: http://searchingforjane.com/2018/06/05/ethnographic-research-proposal/ethnographic-research-proposal-unique-17-best-research-images-on-pinterest/ [Accessed on: 30 Aug. 2018].
- Simkin, M.G., Norman, C.S. and Rose, J.M., 2014. Core concepts of accounting information systems. John Wiley & Sons.
- Vogt, W. P., Gardner, D. C., & Haeffele, L. M., 2012. When to use what research design. Guilford Press.
- Walter, M., & Andersen, , 2013. Indigenous statistics: A quantitative research methodology. Left Coast Press.