PRM6001 Project Management and Risk


Project management is the procedure in which there is the practice of beginning, preparation, implementation, regulatory, and the closing of the work. These practices are done by the team for achieving the specific target and achieve the particular success criteria in a given period. The goal of project administration is the achievement of the aims of project. In the given report, the project supervision procedures are followed to complete project of the Peninsula community health of Cornwall to reduce the number of increasing cases of Pressure ulcers in the elderly people of the United Kingdom. The risk management of the project is also provided in the report for the project.

Task 1

Rationale and project scope

In the United Kingdom, more than half a million people have been suffering from different types of pressure ulcers throughout the years especially to some of the specific areas and it has been hitting those areas which are considered as more of those areas where the population is mainly the older citizens as well. Pressure ulcers refer to the injuries to the underlying tissues and skin due to the long pressure on those areas. Pressure ulcers have different types and one of the most common types is the bedsores. The main reason behind causing the pressure ulcers is because of limitations of the movement of those particular areas so it happened to the older people mainly as some of them have a hard time while moving themselves.

Cornwall is one of those places where the older population is higher and they have been facing higher risks of pressure ulcers as there was mainly the older population so far. The more of the risks of the higher number of pressure ulcer patients will be increased, the more it will be increased the required of the running some initiative to resolve the issues and make life easy for the older population as well. The procedures which they have been following to treat those pressure ulcers were not very modern and advance and it was practically very painful for the patients as well. During the treatment process, patients cannot move for long hours, and the relieving equipment is considered as very uncomfortable, noisy, and hot as well which increased the challenges for the people while treatment is going on for them so far (Derenskaya, 2018).

To resolve the challenge, a project has been planned to run across Cornwall for over 18 months. The first phase will be run with around 50 patients from Cornwall. The main purpose behind running the project is to offer the patients great monitoring services so that the pressure can be managed effectively. It will be helpful to manage the process of developing a pressure ulcer to the patients. With the help of this project, an individual can easily monitor the whole pressure process and then guide the patients so that they can easily manage it on their own so far. The main concept behind running the project is not only about making the people aware of pressure ulcers but along with that, make the patients able to take care of them by their own as well.

Since the project will be run for the next upcoming 18 months and in total 50 patients will be participated in it so far. It has been planned that since the project will be completed, few of the care partners will be treated as local resources, once the project will be done as well. This will be one of the best ways to form a resource bank for future projects and in case of any emergency services for the patients. The aim of the project is about encouraging the patients to adopt new changes in treatment technologies. Patient care will include the different types of pressures that cause ulcers, the size of the ulcers, expected nursing time, engagement of the patients to the new methods, and the satisfactory level of the new technique uses as well. The only limitation is the big time scale such as the project will be supposed to run for next 18 months so it will be easy to at identifying that projects which run for a longer time, need more resources such as human and other physical resources as well as more budgeting (Cakmakci, 2019). It will be helpful to understand that the longer timeframe and more resources increase the risk of the failure of the project. It includes older people so risks can’t be taken in any shape or form.

Project life cycle and methodologies

The project life cycle refers to identify the different stages of any project which would be helpful to understand the progress of the project within each of the stages. It helps to evaluate the impact of each phase to another phase individually so easily. The project will be run in four different phases which includes the four different stages from its beginning till completion. The first phase will include the identification and selection of the patients and volunteers for the project. The second stage will include evaluation of the process of pressures and other associated factors so that the analysis can be done (Karthick, et. al., 2015). In the third stage, new treatment procedures will be run to the patients and analyses the results so far. Since the fourth will be the last and final phase of this project, it will include the evaluation of the success and failure of the project. At last, the final report will be prepared and presented to the local authorities so they would decide to run the practices further or not.
Methodology plays an important role in the success or failure of the projects. This project will already run for a longer period which makes it more necessary to choose the appropriate methodology as well. Waterfall methodology will be used for this pressure ulcer project which helps to complete each stage easily and the impact of each stage to the other stage will be measured easily as well. Waterfall methodology is one of the oldest and highly impactful methodologies around which ensure the success of the project the most. For this particular project, it is one of the most essential factors that due to the longer time frame the wastage of the resources could be high and with the help of waterfall methodology, waste management can be effectively run at each of the phases of the project as well (Quist, 2015). Apart from waste management, it will be helpful to identify the expected challenges during the project that would be running which increases the possibilities of finding a solution for the project as well.

Risks with the pressure ulcer project

Each project has some risks and if the risks would not be mitigated on time, it will not be possible to deliver the project successfully on time as well. It makes it highly required that during the planning, all the risks will be identified and solutions will be run effectively so far. In this particular project, the following will be the risks associated which include the contractual risks of the project as well.

Cost overrun – One of the biggest risks with the long time project, is about the costs overrun which indicate that the project will be overdue in terms of costs. The more the costs will be overdue, the more it will increase the chances of the failure of the project so far. This project will be run for 18 months and it includes various older patients so cost estimations need to be conducted effectively before and throughout the project as well.

Redesign of strategies – As the project will be run for the next 18 months, there are strong possibilities that there would be a requirement of redesigning the project strategies. Sometimes the changed strategies could be risky and would not be helpful to run the project successfully.

Labor shortages – Since the project needs the effective number of labor so that they can run the project successfully, however, it is probably a risk to the project as the project will be run for a longer period so labor shortcoming would be faced as well (Qazi, et. al., 2016).
Safety hazards at the workplace – In this project, older and extremely sick patients along with the all age group of volunteers which make it easy to understand that for project succession, safety provisions need to be following very strictly so far.

Risk management strategies

For the successful completion of the project, the risks must be mitigated, and to mitigate those risks, the following strategies would be helpful so far.

Short term milestones – The most of the risks are associated with the project due to the longer timeframe of the project which is approx. 18 months so if the project can’t be run for the short period, it will be helpful if the milestones will be adjusted for the short time as well.

Effective costs/management – To reduce the costs, it is very important that the estimation of the cost will be run most effectively and will modify at regular intervals as well. Apart from that, strong and advance waste management must be followed so that the wastage would be reduced and it will be helpful to not only run the project successfully although, it helps to complete the project with zero wastage which would be considered as the ideal situation so far (DuHadway, et. al., 2019).