Renewable Energy Drives to Sustainable Development


Energy is the lifeblood of modern societies and economies. In this case, the management and growth of energy resources consist of absolute priority from properly gaining sustainable development. Various sources help in producing electricity production that includes oil, natural gas, and coal that have contributed to one-third of the international greenhouse gas emissions. This is required for the countries are to increasing the living standard of the people by providing cleaners and reliable electricity which maintain sustainability(Acheampong, et. al., 2017). For example, India has enhancing is energy requirements and demands to achieving the economic growth plans which are executed properly. Moreover, the provision of enhancing the Quantas of energy is a crucial prerequisite for the increasing economic growth and development of the nation. By this, the country has fast and international variations to renewable energy methods and technologies to gain the required sustainable success and growth. In this, renewable energy plays an important role in securing sustainable energy with a low level of emission. The countries have developed and formulated a suitable direction for its energy supply and development. Strategies help in promoting investment opportunities in the renewable energy industry along with jobs for unqualified employees, contractors, and technicians.

Literature Review

How renewable energy drives sustainable development/sustainability

As per the view of Armeanu, et. al., (2017)Renewable energy for driving sustainable development/sustainability is the golden thread for the environment as this connects the economic growth, increase social equity in the community, and creates an environment that allows the world to thrive for survival. The development of the communities and surroundings requires energy. Development is impossible without energy and sustainable development is impossible without the use of sustainable energy. The management and development of energy resources contribute to the sustainable development perspective. The sustainable development goals (SDG) consist of the rules and regulations for ensuring the access of different countries to the affordable, modern, reliable, and sustainable energy for the whole world. The increase in renewable energy sources improves sustainable development or sustainability. The access for renewable energy sources will drive progress in the field of global targets which includes the area of poverty, education, health, economic growth, industrialization, and many others to enhance sustainable development in the world(Foley, et. al., 2017). The efforts for the access and promotion of the use of renewable energy sources will help in the factor of climate change as per the sustainability goals. The energy policy should put renewable energy sources at the centre because the carbon-intensive economic development is no longer an option in front of the world due it highly contributesto the global warming issues which are not in favour of anyone in the whole world.

17 sustainability development goals can be driven by the use of renewable energy resources. The sustainable development goals are as follows:

  1. No poverty
  2. Zero hunger
  3. Good health and well-being
  4. Quality education
  5. Gender equality
  6. Clean water and sanitation
  7. Affordable and clean energy
  8. Decent work and economic growth
  9. Industry, innovation, and infrastructure
  10. Reduced inequality
  11. Sustainable cities and communities
  12. Responsible consumptions and production
  13. Climate action
  14. Life below water
  15. Life on land
  16. Peace and justice strong institutions
  17. Partnerships to achieve the goal

In the words of Grubler, et. al., (2018)Sustainable development can be driven by the use of renewable energy sources as most of the goals of sustainability can be achieved if renewable energy comes in use in the whole world. The economic growth and decency in working will be achieved, the climate actions will be taken which reduce climate change, poverty, and hunger will be reduced through the production increment from renewable energy. The quality education and health facilities will be available for the poor with the help of increasing industry and infrastructure. The income of the poor will increase; the usage of affordable and clean energy such as solar energy will help in the economic development of the countries. The poor and middle-class people will have the benefit of the increasing industries, innovation, and infrastructure in the world. The economic situations will help in providing clean food and water and the facilities for sanitation. Thus the renewable energy can drive sustainability or sustainable development in the whole world by completing the sustainability goals from the promotion and increased use of biomass energy resources which does not harm the environment in a similar form as fossil fuels energy sources. The world can achieve sustainability when the whole world will work in the same direction to achieve common goals and help each other in the way of sustainability.

According to the view of He, et. al., (2016)there are different regions in the world where the energy challenge is low in comparison with the industrialized countries which are mainly dependent on coal or petroleum products for the energy resources. These resources harm the environment and also contribute to climate change. Renewable energy sources are the sources of energy that are unlimited and will be present until the end of the world. Some examples of these renewable energy sources are hydropower, solar energy, wind energy, etc. For example, the sub-Saharan African region uses solid biomass for cooking which reduces the energy challenges but increases health issues in sustainable development. Renewable energy sources drive sustainable development or sustainability in the whole world. There are many ways in which sustainability gets affected because of the use of conventional energy resources. The ecological environment gets damaged with the use of coal and petroleum products of energy. Sustainability can be developed with the use of renewable energy sources. Renewable energy sources do not harm the ecological and social environment. The renewable energy sources are unlimited and present until the end of the world. The use of biomass like geothermal, hydropower, solar, and wind resources despite using fossil fuels. These biomass energy sources can be used in homes, schools, businesses, and across the continents.

In the opinion of Jia, et. al., (2015)Renewable energy is a crucial aspect in driving sustainable development. It plays a significant role in the sustainable development in which eradication of poverty with health, water supply, education, industrialization, and combating climate change due to the use of fossil fuels for maintaining the demand of energy. The impacts of renewable energy on the environment are minimal which drives sustainable development or sustainability. Nuclear energy is not renewable but it is considered to be sustainable as it does not pollute the environment. The energy source has a major impact on the development of the countries and the whole world. The energy source is required for development because industries, agriculture, transportation, automation, and many other sectors require energy sources for running smoothly.

The non-renewable energy resources impact majorly on the environmental conditions in various manners like global warming, climate change, pollution, ozone depletion, deforestation, soil erosion, and many more. Thus the use of renewable energy resources will emphasize the sustainable development of the world in which the impact of energy resources will be minimum on the environment. There are various benefits for the driving of sustainable development with renewable energy resources like improving climate changes, reduction in global warming conditions, reduction in pollution, and ecological balance as the exhaustion of fossil fuels will empty the womb of the earth which will create imbalance conditions in the ecological conditions.  


Research Question:

How renewable energy can drives towards sustainable development?

The dependent and independent variables of renewable energy and sustainable development are respectively related to each other. The main purpose of the question is to analyze how renewable energy drives sustainable growth(Kyriakopoulos, et. al., 2016).

Purpose of the study

This research report will aim to achieve an understanding the renewable energy and how it is driven towards sustainable growth and development. To accomplish the desired objectives, this paper will do the followings:

  • Review and evaluate the current literature to understand the renewable energy which drives sustainableimprovement.
  • Analyze the various issues and challenges which are arisen by renewable energy.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of renewable energy to support the different countries and maintain its sustainability.

The research will adopt the qualitative research design, with the multiple case study tactics that help by the semi-structured interview method for the data collection. Besides this, the literature review consistsof empirical case studies that involve environmentalsustainability and how renewable energy drives sustainable growth and improvement effectively(Martínez, 2015).

The practicalinvestigationwill help in analyzing the limitations and barriers which are imposed on the project managers and the developments which can be executed to improve sustainable development in the project.

Research type

For this study, the research will be based on the exploratorymethod which helps in developing knowledge and evaluate the renewable energy driving factors which impact sustainability. On the other hand, the descriptive research will assist in enhancing knowledgemanagement of the theme then exploratory research will examine the major effect and cause of the interconnection between renewable energy drivers and sustainability growth.


It is considered a philosophybrandthat mainly evaluates and determines what should be concerned as acceptable skills and knowledge in the area of research. Moreover, it helps in describing different ways of understanding the social and physical world nature effectively. In this, there are four epistemological perspectives which includepragmatism, positivism, interpretivism, and realism(Nerini, et. al., 2018).It will be analyzed that theoretical foundations of the project are not understood properly, with this academic study and trainingin which there are certain possibilities to share the required knowledge and information associatedwith the renewable energy. It is important for the project manager is to evaluate the drivers which help maintainsustainability in the countries and with the support of renewable energy.

Research methodology

Different forms of approaches will be used while conducting the project. In this research, the deductiveapproach will be used as it helps in developing hypotheses usage of the current study, after that the research will be based upon to examine the hypotheses with the help of empirical analysis. Thisapproach is best suitable for the investigation as the relationship between the theory and social study evaluates the approach to increaseknowledge as well.

The deductive approach is the best appropriate method because this researcher can easily access how renewable energy drives to sustainabledevelopment(Salvi, et. al., 2015). It is reified as there is present literature in both renewable energy and sustainable growth. The data which will be gathering and collatedto answer the research topic should be evaluated and measure in a better manner. This approach also provides relevant data and information for completing the research. With the examination of theoretical research on renewable energy in the context of sustainable development and previous report find out that it is possible to propose certain recommendations regarding what data can be gathered and which method is used for this study.

Research method

This is a tool that helps in collecting and gathering accurate data for conducting the research. There are two forms of techniques and methods for data collection such as qualitative and quantitative. In this research, qualitative method is best suitableas it presents the data with the help of interviews and process including the data categories which is use and general non-numerical information(Sen, et. al., 2017). Moreover, the qualitative method seeks to collect a depth understanding and knowledge of making decisions, actions, and considerations developed by the project managers while applying for sustainable growth concerning renewable energy sources. The selected qualitative method is apparent and it is related to the previous epistemological chosen.

The qualitative method of research enables the study of sustainabledevelopmentwhich are discussed in the literature, as reviewed by authors with their opinions, views, and thoughts, and reflected through different methods of employing them in practice.


The participants will be involved in this study voluntarily and will be requestedwith consent forms. Respondents will be suggested what is involved including timing, methodology, and structure(Sen, et. al., 2017). All the participants of the research will be informed of the privacy and ethical principles of the data where they will not allow revealing the delicate data with anyone.

Personal Reflection

According to the research, I learned different things helped me in increasing my knowledge and abilities in a better manner. While conducting this investigation, I think there are tools and techniques which assist me in gathering relevant information. For this, I selected various tools such as deductive method, qualitative technique, epistemological. Moreover, I learned about the topic of renewable energy in the context of sustainable growth which plays an important role in enhancing the development of different countries. I evaluated my learning at the time of review and analyze this topic and this helps me in providing information that how renewable energy drives towards sustainable development and increasing countries’ growth level. The project mainly concentrates on existing conditions and situations of energy sources in different nations. For this, they understand the importance of renewable energy through which they can develop their country. I learned regarding the different energy sources such as oil, coal, and natural gas which are required for each country for the continuous growth and activities of industrial sectors. I observed that the major motive of this research is to analyze how renewable energy sources drive various countries to sustainable improvement. By this, they can focus on other important functions and operations that are required for the growth as well.


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